Extremal black holes and the first law of thermodynamics

Joan Simon, Maria Johnstone, M. M. Sheikh-Jabbari, H. Yavartanoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

We study the low-temperature expansion of the first law of thermodynamics for near-extremal black holes. We show that for extremal black holes with nonvanishing entropy, the leading-order contribution yields an expression for their extremal entropy that is in agreement with the entropy-function result. When their entropy vanishes due to the vanishing of a one-cycle on the horizon, such a leading contribution is always compatible with the first law satisfied by a Bañados-Teitelboim-Zanelli black hole. The universality of these results follows from universal facts about extremal black holes. Our results are consistent with both the presence of local AdS2 and AdS3 near-horizon throats for extremal black holes and with the suggested quantum microscopic descriptions (AdS2/CFT1, Kerr/CFT, and extremal vanishing horizon/CFT).

Original languageEnglish
Article number101503
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 27 Nov 2013


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