Abstract / Description of output
We present the detailed characterization of two extremely red submillimeter galaxies (SMGs), ASXDF1100.053.1 and 231.1, with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) and the Jansky Very Large Array. These SMGs were originally selected using AzTEC at 1100 μm, and are observed by Herschel to be faint at 100-500 μm. Their (sub)millimeter colors are as red as - or redder - than known z ≳ 5 SMGs; indeed, ASXDF1100.053.1 is redder than HFLS 3, which lies at z =6.3. They are also faint and red in the near-/mid-infrared: ∼1 μJy at IRAC 4.5 μm and <0.2 μJy in the K s filter. These SMGs are also faint in the radio waveband, where F 6GHz =4.5 μJy for ASXDF1100.053.1 and F 1.4GHz =28 μJy for ASXDF1100.231.1, suggestive of z=6.5+1.4 -1.1 and z= 4.1+0.6 -0.7and for ASXDF1100.053.1 and 231.1, respectively. ASXDF1100.231.1 has a flux excess in the 3.6 μm filter, probably due to Hα emission at z =4-5. Derived properties of ASXDF1100.053.1 for z =5.5-7.5 and 231.1 for z =3.5-5.5 are as follows: their infrared luminosities are [6.5 -7.4] ï¿½1012 and [4.2-4.5] ï¿½1012 L o; their stellar masses are [0.9-2] ï¿½1011 and [0.4-3] ï¿½1010 M o; their circularized half-light radii in the ALMA maps are ∼1 and ≲0.2 kpc (∼2-3 kpc for 90% of the total flux). Last, their surface infrared luminosity densities, ΣIR, are ∼1 ï¿½1012 and ≳1.5 ï¿½1013 L o kpc-2, similar to values seen for local (U)LIRGs. These data suggest that ASXDF1100.053.1 and 231.1 are compact SMGs at z ≳ 4 and can plausibly evolve into z ≳ 3 compact quiescent galaxies.
Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)
- galaxies: evolution
- galaxies: formation
- galaxies: high-redshift
- submillimeter: galaxies