Metallic structures with dimensions smaller than the wavelength of light demonstrate optical properties which depend strongly on the nanoparticle size, shape, and interparticle spacing. The optical properties are caused by the excitation of localized surface plasmon resonances that lead to strong enhancement and confinement of the optical field and can be exploited for many applications including surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, near-field scanning optical microscopy, and negative refractive index materials. In order to fully exploit the properties of these structures, both a highly reproducible and flexible fabrication technique and an in-depth understanding of the optical properties are needed. In this article, the authors demonstrate the fabrication of arrays of gold rings and split rings on glass using electron beam lithography. Electron beam lithography allows not only precise control of the size, shape, and spacing of the arrays but also the scope to design novel shapes at will. We characterize these arrays using polarization dependent spectroscopy. The structures can support multiple plasmon resonances, demonstrating that excellent uniformity across the array is achieved. These resonances are further characterized using a finite difference time domain method to model the electric field distribution around the ring structures. (C) 2007 American Vacuum Society.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2007|
|Event||51st International Conference on Electron, Ion, and Photon Beam Technology and Nanofabrication - Denver, Colombia|
Duration: 29 May 2007 → 1 Jun 2007
- ENHANCED RAMAN-SCATTERING
- SURFACE-PLASMON RESONANCE