Factors affecting user performance in haptic assembly

T.C. Lim, J.M. Ritchie, R. Dewar, J.R. Corney, P. Wilkinson, M. Callis, M. Desmulliez, J.J. Fang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Current computer-aided assembly systems provide engineers with a variety of spatial snapping and alignment techniques for interactively defining the positions and attachments of components. With the advent of haptics and its integration into virtual assembly systems, users now have the potential advantage of tactile information. This paper reports research that aims to quantify how the provision of haptic feedback in an assembly system can affect user performance. To investigate human–computer interaction processes in assembly modeling, performance of a peg-in-hole manipulation was studied to determine the extent to which haptics and stereovision may impact on task completion time. The results support two important conclusions: first, it is apparent that small (i.e. visually insignificant) assembly features (e.g. chamfers) affect the overall task completion at times only when haptic feedback is provided; and second, that the difference is approximately similar to the values reported for equivalent real world peg-in-hole assembly tasks.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-252
Number of pages12
JournalVirtual Reality
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2007


  • haptic assembly
  • human–computer interaction
  • human factors
  • design for assembly
  • peg-in-hole metrics
  • virtual reality


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