Factors predicting outcome in malignant minor salivary gland tumors of the oropharynx

N. Gopalakrishna Iyer, Leslie Kim, Iain J. Nixon, Frank Palmer, Dennis Kraus, Ashok R. Shaha, Jatin P. Shah, Snehal G. Patel, Ian Ganly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To report our experience in the care of patients with minor salivary gland cancers occurring only in the oropharynx and to determine factors predictive of outcome. Design: Retrospective analysis. Setting: Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. Patients: Sixty-seven patients with malignant minor salivary gland tumors were identified from a preexisting database of patients with cancers of the oropharynx between January 1985 and December 2005. Main Outcome Measures: Overall survival, diseasespecific survival, and recurrence-free survival were calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Factors predictive of outcome were identified by univariate and multivariate analyses. Results: The most common histologic types were mucoepidermoid carcinoma in 26 patients (39%), adenoid cystic carcinoma in 16 (24%), adenocarcinoma in 16 (24%), and malignant mixed tumor in 7 (10%). The tumors were located in the base of the tongue in 41 patients (61%), soft palate in 20 (30%), and tonsil in 6 (9%). With a median follow-up time of 86 months (range, 12-249 months), overall outcomes at 5 and 10 years were overall survival, 80% and 53%; disease-specific survival, 87% and 67%; and recurrence-free survival, 69% and 60%, respectively. Tumor recurred in 20 patients (34%); 12 of these patients had locoregional failure and 15 developed distant metastases. Multivariate analyses showed that clinical T stage, anatomic subsite, and margin status were independent predictors for overall survival; T stage and margin status were independent predictors for locoregional recurrence-free survival. Conclusion: Clinical T stage, anatomic subsite, and margin status are independent predictors of outcome of patients with minor salivary gland cancers of the oropharynx.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1240-1247
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Volume136
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2010

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