Fam151b, the mouse homologue of C.elegans menorin gene, is essential for retinal function

Amy Findlay, Lisa McKie, Margaret Keighren, Sharon Clementson-Mobbs, Luis Sanchez-Pulido, Sara Wells, Sally Cross, Ian Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Fam151b is a mammalian homologue of the C. elegans menorin gene, which is involved in neuronal branching. The International Mouse Phenotyping Consortium (IMPC) aims to knock out every gene in the mouse and comprehensively phenotype the mutant animals. This project identified Fam151b homozygous knock-out mice as having retinal degeneration. We show they have no photoreceptor function from eye opening, as demonstrated by a lack of electroretinograph (ERG) response. Histological analysis shows that during development of the eye the correct number of cells are produced and that the layers of the retina differentiate normally. However, after eye opening at P14, Fam151b mutant eyes exhibit signs of retinal stress and rapidly lose photoreceptor cells. We have mutated the second mammalian menorin homologue, Fam151a, and homozygous mutant mice have no discernible phenotype. Sequence analysis indicates that the FAM151 proteins are members of the PLC-like phosphodiesterase superfamily. However, the substrates and function of the proteins remains unknown.
Original languageEnglish
Article number437
JournalScientific Reports
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jan 2020

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