Feasibility of [ 18F]fluoropivalate hybrid PET/MRI for imaging lower and higher grade glioma: a prospective first-in-patient pilot study.

Shahriar Islam, Marianna Inglese, Matthew Grech-Sollars, Preetha Aravind, Suraiya Dubash, Tara D Barwick, Kevin O'Neill, James Wang, Azeem Saleem, James O'Callaghan, Giulio Anchini, Matthew Williams, Adam Waldman, Eric O Aboagye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

PURPOSE: MRI and PET are used in neuro-oncology for the detection and characterisation of lesions for malignancy to target surgical biopsy and to plan surgical resections or stereotactic radiosurgery. The critical role of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) in brain tumour biology has come to the forefront. The non-metabolised SCFA radiotracer, [ 18F]fluoropivalate (FPIA), shows low background signal in most tissues except eliminating organs and has appropriate human dosimetry. Tumour uptake of the radiotracer is, however, unknown. We investigated the uptake characteristics of FPIA in this pilot PET/MRI study.

METHODS: Ten adult glioma subjects were identified based on radiological features using standard-of-care MRI prior to any surgical intervention, with subsequent histopathological confirmation of glioma subtype and grade (lower-grade - LGG - and higher-grade - HGG - patients). FPIA was injected as an intravenous bolus injection (range 342-368 MBq), and dynamic PET and MRI data were acquired simultaneously over 66 min.

RESULTS: All patients tolerated the PET/MRI protocol. Three patients were reclassified following resection and histology. Tumour maximum standardised uptake value (SUV max,60) increased in the order LGG (WHO grade 2) < HGG (WHO grade 3) < HGG (WHO grade 4). The net irreversible solute transfer, Ki, and influx rate constant, K1, were significantly higher in HGG (p < 0.05). Of the MRI variables studied, DCE-MRI-derived extravascular-and-extracellular volume fraction (v e) was high in tumours of WHO grade 4 compared with other grades (p < 0.05). SLC25A20 protein expression was higher in HGG compared with LGG.

CONCLUSION: Tumoural FPIA PET uptake is higher in HGG compared to LGG. This study supports further investigation of FPIA PET/MRI for brain tumour imaging in a larger patient population.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov, NCT04097535.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Early online date25 Jul 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 Jul 2023


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