Feasibility of image registration and intensity-modulated radiotherapy planning with hyperpolarized helium-3 magnetic resonance imaging for non-small-cell lung cancer

Rob H Ireland, Chris M Bragg, Mark McJury, Neil Woodhouse, Stan Fichele, Edwin J R van Beek, Jim M Wild, Matthew Q Hatton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: To demonstrate the feasibility of registering hyperpolarized helium-3 magnetic resonance images ((3)He-MRI) to X-ray computed tomography (CT) for functionally weighted intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) planning.

METHODS AND MATERIALS: Six patients with non-small-cell lung cancer underwent (3)He ventilation MRI, which was fused with radiotherapy planning CT using rigid registration. Registration accuracy was assessed using an overlap coefficient, calculated as the proportion of the segmented (3)He-MR volume (V(MRI)) that intersects the segmented CT lung volume expressed as a percentage of V(MRI). For each patient, an IMRT plan that minimized the volume of total lung receiving a dose > or = 20 Gy (V(20)) was compared with a plan that minimized the V(20) to well-ventilated lung defined by the registered (3)He-MRI.

RESULTS: The (3)He-MRI and CT were registered with sufficient accuracy to enable functionally guided IMRT planning (median overlap, 89%; range, 72-97%). In comparison with the total lung IMRT plans, IMRT constrained with (3)He-MRI reduced the V(20) not only for the well-ventilated lung (median reduction, 3.1%; range, 0.4-5.1%; p = 0.028) but also for the total lung volume (median reduction, 1.6%; range, 0.2-3.7%; p = 0.028).

CONCLUSIONS: Statistically significant improvements to IMRT plans are possible using functional information provided by (3)He-MRI that has been registered to radiotherapy planning CT.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-81
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology - Biology - Physics
Volume68
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2007

Keywords

  • Airway Obstruction
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
  • Dose Fractionation
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Helium
  • Humans
  • Isotopes
  • Lung Neoplasms
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted
  • Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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