Feline asthma syndrome (FAS): a retrospective study of the clinical presentation in 29 cats

Brendan Corcoran, D. Foster, Virginia Luis Fuentes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Feline asthma syndrome (FAS) is a clinical condition characterised by recurrent bouts of coughing, wheezing and, or, dyspnoea. While the aetiology is unproven, the condition is believed to involve a type I immediate hypersensitivity reaction to inhaled allergens. In this paper the clinical data from 29 cats, where a diagnosis of FAS was made, are assessed retrospectively. The most common clinical presentation was recurrent bouts of coughing (n = 26) and dyspnoea (n = 21). Radiographic changes were noted in 24 cats, which included increased bronchial (n = 5), interstitial (n = 7) and mixed (n = 12) (bronchial and interstitial) patterns. Right middle lung lobe collapse was noted in two cats. Abnormal bronchial cytology was present in 16 cats. A predominant eosinophilic sample was collected in only three cats. There were minimal changes in differential white cell counts, and mild eosinophilia was found in only five cats. Prednisolone alone was the most effective therapy, although avoidance of putative aeroallergens and antibacterial therapy was effective in some. On the basis of the data from these cases it would appear that the diagnosis of FAS depends largely on the clinical presentation and radiographic findings. The value of ancillary tests in the diagnosis of FAS appears to be limited.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)481-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Small Animal Practice
Volume36
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1995

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Asthma
  • Bronchi
  • Cat Diseases
  • Cats
  • Cough
  • Dyspnea
  • Female
  • Hypersensitivity, Immediate
  • Leukocyte Count
  • Lung
  • Male
  • Prednisolone
  • Respiratory Sounds
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sneezing
  • Syndrome

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Feline asthma syndrome (FAS): a retrospective study of the clinical presentation in 29 cats'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this