Finite element analysis of the dynamic response of composite floors subjected to walking induced vibrations

Arash Behnia*, Hwa Chai, Navid Ranjbar, Nima Behnia

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

The applications of composite materials have been widely practiced in modern construction. Structural engineers are often urged to consider aesthetic values as well as the financial aspects in their work, which results in structures that have long span, lightweight and low natural frequencies. These structures exhibit excessive vibrations that cause major discomforts to the occupants. The purpose of this study is to establish a methodology using finite element analysis for assessing the dynamic responses of composite floors and determining the corresponding level of comfort. Linear elastic finite element analysis was conducted using more realistic load models with respect to the application of different geometries of concrete slab and fiber reinforced polymer materials. The composite floor investigated included FRP deck, FRP beams, and concrete slabs of various thicknesses. The resulting maximum peak accelerations indicated the need for more realistic load models to generate a time function including space, time and heel impact descriptions. The FRP deck or beam was satisfactory in terms of serviceability and comfort level. There were no significant differences between the results when fiber reinforced polymer materials or common concrete-steel composite floors were used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)959-974
Number of pages16
JournalAdvances in Structural Engineering
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2013

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • composite floor
  • dynamic responses
  • fiber reinforced polymer
  • finite element analysis
  • human induced load
  • serviceability


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