Fire behaviour of FRP-strengthened reinforced concrete structural elements: A state-of-the-art review

Joao P. Firmo, Joao R. Correia, Luke A. Bisby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The last two decades have seen increasing applications of fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) materials in civil engineering structures due to their many advantages over traditional strengthening and reinforcing materials. Among the most common applications is bonding or wrapping FRP products (strips or sheets) to the exterior of reinforced concrete (RC) members to increase their strength or deformability. However, widespread application of FRP strengthening systems in buildings, where structural fire ratings are required, is hindered due to unknowns surrounding the reduction in their mechanical and bond properties at elevated temperatures. This paper presents a state-of-the-art review on the fire performance of FRP-strengthened RC structural elements. The review addresses first the mechanical behaviour at high temperature of the constituent materials of FRPs and how their bond to concrete is affected when heated. The paper then discusses available experimental and numerical studies on the fire behaviour of FRP-strengthened RC beams, slabs, and columns. Available design guidance is also discussed. Finally, recommendations for future research are given. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)198-216
Number of pages19
JournalComposites part b-Engineering
Volume80
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015

Keywords

  • Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs)
  • High-temperature properties
  • Debonding
  • Thermomechanical
  • EBR-CFRP STRIPS
  • FULL-RANGE BEHAVIOR
  • ELEVATED-TEMPERATURES
  • T-BEAMS
  • MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES
  • PROTECTION SYSTEMS
  • TENSILE PROPERTIES
  • BONDED JOINTS
  • SLIP MODEL
  • COLUMNS

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