First evidence of denticulated dentition in teleosaurid crocodylomorphs

Mark T. Young*, Brian L. Beatty, Stephen L. Brusatte, Lorna Steel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Teleosauridae was a group of largely marine Mesozoic crocodylomorphs, typically considered as akin to "marine gavials" due to their elongate, tubular, polydont rostra that are indicative of a piscivorous diet. Here we show that these extinct crocodylomorphs were more anatomically, and perhaps ecologically, varied than previously thought. We report the first evidence of denticles in a teleosaurid tooth, revealed by scanning electron microscopic (SEM) analysis of a tooth from the holotype of "Steneosaurus" obtusidens. These denticles are cryptic, because they are microscopic, not contiguous along the carinae (instead forming short series), and are detectable only using SEM. This incipient denticle morphology is similar to that recently discovered in a closely related group of marine crocodylomorphs, the Metriorhynchidae. In particular, the denticulation morphology of "Steneosaurus" is similar to that of the geosaurin metriorhynchid Torvoneustes, indicating that these two taxa may have employed similar feeding styles and that "S."obtusidens may have been a nearshore ecological analogue to the more offshore, fast-swimming geosaurins. Previous authors have considered "S."obtusidens and Machimosaurus to be durophagous, but the discovery of denticulated teeth indicates that they had a more varied diet and feeding style, and included flesh slicing as part of their feeding toolkit. It is currently unknown how extensive denticulate carinae may be in Teleosauridae, and we hypothesise that cryptic denticles may also be present in other marine crocodylomorphs once they are subjected to SEM study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)661-671
Number of pages11
JournalActa Palaeontologica Polonica
Volume60
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • denticles
  • durophagy
  • functional ecology
  • Mesozoic
  • Steneosaurus
  • Teleosauridae
  • Thalattosuchia
  • United Kingdom

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