Fission, fusion, reform and failure: Roh Moo-hyun’s administration

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


For the last two decades, democratic politics in South Korea have been accompanied by two salient political issues: the continuous fission and fusion of political parties, and regionalism. This chapter discusses the origins, dynamics and decline of the Roh Moo-hyun administration and reviews the coalition politics in the post-democratisation period in South Korea, thus aiming to place the conflict between government and opposition, and the Roh Moo-hyun administration's attempt to attain a majority status in the legislature in historical context. It describes four major reform initiatives requiring legislation to illustrate the difficulties encountered by the Roh Moo-hyun administration and the ruling Uri Party in the legislature. The chapter turns attention to the president's proposal to form a grand coalition to overcome institutional constraints. After the failure of the proposal for a grand coalition and the two by-election defeats, Roh Moo-hyun rapidly lost control.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationKorea Yearbook
Subtitle of host publicationPolitics, Economy and Society
EditorsPatrick Koellner, James Hoare, Susan Pares, Rudiger Frank
Place of PublicationLeiden
ISBN (Print)9789004169791
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Publication series

NameKorea: Politics, Economy and Society
ISSN (Print)1875-0273


  • Roh Moo-hyun
  • South Korea
  • reform policies
  • coalition building
  • party politics
  • party organization
  • government stability
  • governability
  • failure
  • fission
  • fusion
  • reform
  • Uri Party


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