Fitness costs of parasites explain multiple life history tradeoffs in a wild mammal

Greg Albery, Alison Morris, Sean Morris, Fiona Kenyon, Daniel H Nussey, Josephine M Pemberton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Reproduction in wild animals can divert limited resources away from immune defence, resulting in increased parasite burdens. A longstanding prediction of life history theory states that these parasites can harm the reproductive individual, reducing its subsequent survival and fecundity, producing reproduction-fitness tradeoffs. Here, we examined associations among reproductive allocation, immunity, parasitism, and subsequent survival and fecundity in a wild population of individually identified red deer (Cervus elaphus). Using path analysis, we investigated whether costs of lactation in terms of downstream survival and fecundity were mediated by changes in strongyle nematode count and mucosal antibody levels. Lactating females exhibited increased parasite counts, which were in turn associated with substantially decreased fitness in the following year in terms of overwinter survival, fecundity, subsequent calf weight, and parturition date. This study offers observational evidence for parasite regulation of multiple life history tradeoffs, supporting the role of parasites as an important mediating factor in wild mammal populations.
Original languageEnglish
JournalThe American Naturalist
Early online date27 Jan 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • wild mammal
  • fitness costs
  • helmints
  • survival
  • reproduction
  • path analysis

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