Foot and mouth disease and livestock husbandry practices in the Adamawa Province of Cameroon

Mark Bronsvoort, V N Tanya, R P Kitching, C Nfon, S M Hamman, K L Morgan

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Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious viral disease of even-toed ungulates and is endemic in most of the tropics. A cross-sectional study using a stratified, two-stage random sample design was undertaken in the Adamawa Province of Cameroon. The objectives were to measure the reported herd-level prevalence of FMD and a range of husbandry practices important for its transmission. The owner-reported prevalence for the previous 12 months was 57.9% (50.4-65.4%), although there was a significant variation across the Province. During the previous dry season, 46.5% (38.6-54.4%) of herds had gone on transhumance. Herds had high numbers of contacts with other herds while on transhumance (98.6%), at pasture (95.8%) and at night (74.4%), with medians of 7-10, 4-6 and 1-3 daily contacts, respectively. The high level of endemic FMD and potential for disease spread presents a significant challenge for control and eradication. Locally sustainable methods need to be developed upon which larger regional control programmes could be built in the future.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)491-507
Number of pages17
JournalTropical Animal Health and Production
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2003


  • Animal Husbandry
  • Animals
  • Cameroon
  • Cattle
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Foot-and-Mouth Disease
  • Interviews as Topic


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