The Chagos Archipelago was administered from colonial Mauritius until 1965, when the UK government excised the Chagos Archipelago to form part of the British Indian Ocean Territory. Fifty years after independence, the decolonisation of Mauritius remains incomplete. By 1973, the population of the Chagos Archipelago was uprooted and relocated to Mauritius and Seychelles during a time of ethnic tensions, high unemployment, and housing shortages in the decades around independence. This chapter interrogates the implications of the excision of the Chagos Archipelago and the displacement of the Chagos islanders for relations between the Mauritian state and the generationally extended and geographically dispersed Chagossian community. Firstly, it highlights Chagossian experiences of marginalisation and their consequent critiques of the Mauritian nation-building project. Secondly, it reveals similarities in their critiques of the various prospects for return and governance either within the Republic of Mauritius, or as a controversial British Overseas Territory, or via co-management. Thirdly, it concludes with a plea for the incorporation of diverse Chagossian perspectives in the development of compelling objectives and strategies for the ongoing process of decolonisation.
|Title of host publication||The Mauritian Paradox|
|Subtitle of host publication||Fifty years of development, diversity and democracy|
|Editors||Ramola Ramtohul, Thomas Hylland Eriksen|
|Place of Publication||Reduit|
|Publisher||University of Mauritius Press|
|Publication status||Published - 22 Feb 2018|