This paper introduces tree transducers as a unifying theory for semantic parsing models based on tree transformations. Many existing models use tree transformations, but implement specialized training and smoothing methods, which makes it difficult to modify or extend the models. By connecting to the rich literature on tree automata, we show how semantic parsing models can be developed using completely general estimation methods. We demonstrate the approach by reframing and extending one state-of-the-art model as a tree automaton. Using a variant of the inside-outside algorithm with variational Bayesian estimation, our generative model achieves higher raw accuracy than existing generative and discriminative approaches on a standard data set.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the Australasian Language Technology Workshop|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|