Abstract / Description of output
The yeast ubiquitin-protein ligase Rsp5p regulates processes as diverse as polII transcription and endocytosis. Here, we identify Rsp5p in a screen for tRNA export (tex) mutants. The tex23-1/rsp5-3 mutant, which is complemented by RSP5, not only shows a strong nuclear accumulation of tRNAs at the restrictive temperature, but also is severely impaired in the nuclear export of mRNAs and 60S pre-ribosomal subunits. In contrast, nuclear localization sequence (NLS)-mediated nuclear protein import is unaffected in this mutant. Strikingly, the nuclear RNA export defects seen in the rsp5-3 strain are accompanied by a dramatic inhibition of both rRNA and tRNA processing, a combination of phenotypes that has not been reported for any previously characterized mutation in yeast. These data implicate ubiquitination as a mechanism coordinating the major nuclear RNA biogenesis pathways.