Foundations of offshore wind turbines: a review

Alistair Borthwick, Xiaoni Wu, Yu Hu, Ye Li, Jian Yang, Lei Duan, Tongguang Wang, Thomas A.A. Adcock, Zhiyu Jiang, Zhen Gao, Zhiliang Lin, Shijun Liao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Offshore wind is a source of clean, renewable energy of great potential value to the power industry in the context of a low carbon society. Rapid development of offshore wind energy depends on a good understanding of technical issues related to offshore wind turbines, which is spurring ongoing research and development programmes. Foundations of offshore wind turbines present one of the main challenges in offshore wind turbine design. This paper reviews the present state of knowledge concerning geotechnical and structural issues affecting foundation types under consideration for the support structures of offshore wind turbines, and provides recommendations for future research and development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-393
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Early online date24 Jan 2019
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019


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