Fractional urinary excretion of endothelin-1 is reduced by acute ETB receptor blockade

Jane Goddard, Neil R Johnston, Allan D Cumming, David J Webb

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Evidence suggests that urinary excretion of endothelin-1 (ET-1) reflects renal ET-1 production and is independent of systemic ET-1 activity. The influence of ET receptors on urinary ET-1 excretion has not been studied in humans, yet peritubular ETB receptors are abundant within the kidney. We have studied the effects of acute ETA and ETB receptor blockade with BQ-123 and BQ-788, respectively, on urinary ET-1 excretion in a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study in 16 subjects with a wide range of GFRs (15-152 ml/min). Plasma ET-1 concentrations (pET-1) and urinary ET-1 excretion rate (uET-1) at baseline correlated inversely with GFR (R2 = 0.18 and 0.36, respectively, P <0.01). However, changes in pET-1 after ET receptor antagonism were not related to changes in uET-1 (R2 = 0.007, P = 0.18). pET-1 increased only after BQ-788, alone or in combination with BQ-123, consistent with ETB receptor-mediated clearance of ET-1 from the circulation. uET-1 was reduced only after BQ-788 alone [-4.7 pg/min (SD 5.5), P <0.01]. Because BQ-788 also reduced GFR, fractional excretion of ET-1 (FeET-1) was calculated. FeET-1 fell after BQ-788 alone [-41% (SD 26%), P <0.01] or in combination with BQ-123 [-40% (SD 29%), P <0.01]. FeET-1 was not altered by placebo or BQ-123 alone. In conclusion, urinary ET-1 excretion does not appear to relate to the pool of plasma ET-1. Because of the short duration of this study, it is unlikely that ET receptor blockade had significant effects on renal ET-1 production. Therefore, the reduction in FeET-1 after ETB blockade appears to indicate that renal excretion of ET-1 is at least partly facilitated by ETB receptor activation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)F1433-8
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2007


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