Frand royalties: Rules v standards?

Nicolas Petit, Amandine Leonard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Royalties for intellectual property (IP) are like taxes. Everyone agrees that some limits are necessary. However, no one agrees on the levels at which the limits should be set. One way to overcome disagreement consists in asking if a legal rule or standard should govern the limits of IP royalties. This paper discusses this issue in the context of Standard Essential Patents ("SEPs") governed by a commitment to license on Fair Reasonable and Non Discriminatory ("FRAND") terms. The paper find that FRAND rules generally surpass standards, but only under specific conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1
Pages (from-to)1-36
JournalChicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jan 2023

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • patents
  • royalties
  • licensing
  • rules
  • standards
  • courts
  • SEP
  • SSO


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