Fresh Cement as a Frictional Non-Brownian Suspension

James A. Richards*, Hao Li, Rory E. O'Neill*, Fraser H. J. Laidlaw, John R. Royer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Cement is an essential construction material due to its ability to flow before later setting, however the rheological properties must be tightly controlled. Despite this, much understanding remains empirical. Using a combination of continuous and oscillatory shear flow, we compare fresh Portland cement suspensions to previous measurements on model non-Brownian suspensions to gain a micro-physical understanding. Comparing steady and small-amplitude oscillatory shear, we reveal two distinct jamming concentrations, ϕ μ and ϕ rcp, where the respective yield stresses diverge. As in model suspensions, the steady-shear jamming point is notably below the oscillatory jamming point, ϕ μrcp, suggesting that it is tied to frictional particle contacts. These results indicate that recently established models for the rheology of frictional, adhesive non-Brownian suspensions can be applied to fresh cement pastes, offering a new framework to understand the role of additives and fillers. Such micro-physical understanding can guide formulation changes to improve performance and reduce environmental impact.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119791
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalPowder Technology
Early online date29 Apr 2024
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2024

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Cement paste
  • Suspension
  • Yield stress
  • Shear-induced structure formation


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