Abstract / Description of output
This study reconstructs Empedocles’ eschatology and cosmology, arguing that they presuppose one another. Part 1 surveys body and soul in Empedocles and argues that the transmigrating daimon is a long-lived compound made of the elements air and fire. Part 2 shows that Empedocles situates our current life in Hades, then considers the testimonies concerning different cosmic levels in Empedocles and compares them with the afterlife schemes in Pindar’s Second Olympian Ode and Plato’s Phaedo myth. Part 3 offers a new edition of section d lines 5 -10 of the Strasburg papyrus of Empedocles that reinforces the connection between transmigration and different cosmic locations for souls. Part 4 reconstructs Empedocles’ cosmology, identifies three different levels or habitats of soul and, more tentatively, suggest that Empedoclean ‘long-lived gods’, are best understood as stars.
Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)
- ancient Greek biology
- Plato’s Phaedo
- astral immortality