Function Approximation Based Reinforcement Learning for Edge Caching in Massive MIMO Networks

Nanveet Garg, Mathini Sellathurai, Vimal Bhatia, Tharm Ratnarajah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Caching popular contents in advance is an important technique to achieve low latency and reduced backhaul congestion in future wireless communication systems. In this article, a multi-cell massive multi-input-multi-output system is considered, where locations of base stations are distributed as a Poisson point process. Assuming probabilistic caching, average success probability (ASP) of the system is derived for a known content popularity (CP) profile, which in practice is time-varying and unknown in advance. Further, modeling CP variations across time as a Markov process, reinforcement Q-learning is employed to learn the optimal content placement strategy to optimize the long-term-discounted ASP and average cache refresh rate. In the Q-learning, the number of Q-updates are large and proportional to the number of states and actions. To reduce the space complexity and update requirements towards scalable Q-learning, two novel (linear and non-linear) function approximations-based Q-learning approaches are proposed, where only a constant (4 and 3 respectively) number of variables need updation, irrespective of the number of states and actions. Convergence of these approximation-based approaches are analyzed. Simulations verify that these approaches converge and successfully learn the similar best content placement, which shows the successful applicability and scalability of the proposed approximated Q-learning schemes.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Early online date28 Dec 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Dec 2020

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