Functional anatomy and biomechanics of shoulder stability in the athlete

Iain Murray, Ewan B Goudie, Frank A Petrigliano, C Michael Robinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The glenohumeral joint provides greater freedom of motion than any other joint in the body at the expense of decreased stability. Shoulder instability can occur in overhead throwing athletes (chronic, overuse injuries) but more commonly occurs in contact athletes (acute traumatic dislocations). Our understanding of the anatomy and pathologic entities has evolved significantly since initial descriptions of shoulder instability and this has facilitated an evolving repertoire of treatment options. This article reviews the functional anatomy and biomechanics of shoulder stability and outlines the bony and soft tissue lesions associated with shoulder instability in the athlete.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)607-24
Number of pages18
JournalClinics in sports medicine
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013

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