Functional recovery after moderate/severe traumatic brain injury: A role for cognitive reserve?

Eric B. Schneider, Sandeepa Sur, Vanessa Raymont, Josh Duckworth, Robert G. Kowalski, David T. Efron, Xuan Hui, Shalini Selvarajah, Hali L. Hambridge, Robert D. Stevens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the hypothesis that educational attainment, a marker of cognitive reserve, is a predictor of disability-free recovery (DFR) after moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methods: Retrospective study of the TBI Model Systems Database, a prospective multicenter cohort funded by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research. Patients were included if they were admitted for rehabilitation after moderate to severe TBI, were aged 23 years or older, and had at least 1 year of follow-up. The main outcome measure was DFR 1 year post-injury, defined as a Disability Rating Scale score of zero. Results: Of 769 patients included, 214 (27.8%) achieved DFR at 1 year. In total, 185 patients (24.1%) had

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1636-1642
Number of pages7
JournalNeurology
Volume82
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 May 2014

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Functional recovery after moderate/severe traumatic brain injury: A role for cognitive reserve?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this