Gas-phase Absorption of C2+ 70 below 10 K: Astronomical Implications

E. K. Campbell, M. Holz, J. P. Maier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The electronic spectrum of the fullerene dication C2+ 70 has been measured in the gas phase at low temperature in a cryogenic radiofrequency ion trap. The spectrum consists of a strong origin band at 7030 Å and two weaker features to higher energy. The bands have FWHMs of 35 Å indicating an excited state lifetime on the order of onetenth of a picosecond. Absorption cross-section measurements yield (2 ± 1) × 10-15 cm2 at 7030 Å. These results are used to predict the depth of diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) due to the absorption by C2+ 70 . At an assumed column density of 2 × 1012 cm-2 the attenuation of starlight at 7030 Å is around 0.4% and thus the detection of such a shallow and broad interstellar band would be difficult. The electronic spectrum of C2+ 60 shows no absorptions in the visible. Below 4000 Å the spectra of C60, C+ 60 and C2+ 60 are similar. The large intrinsic FWHM of the features in this region, ∼200 Å for the band near 3250 Å, make them unsuitable for DIB detection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number221
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume835
Issue number2
Early online date31 Jan 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 31 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • ISM: molecules

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