Gas-phase structure, rotational barrier, and vibrational properties of methyl methanethiosulfonate, CH3SO2SCH3: An experimental and computational study

Maria E. Tuttolomondo, Amparo Navarro, Tomas Pena Ruiz, Eduardo L. Varetti, Stuart A. Hayes, Derek A. Wann, Heather E. Robertson, David W. H. Rankin, Aida Ben Altabef

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The molecular structure of methyl methanethiosulfonate, CH3SO2SCH3, has been determined in the gas phase from electron-diffraction data supplemented by ab initio (HF, MP2) and density functional theory (DFT) calculations using 6-31G(d), 6-311++G(d,p), and 6-311G(3df,3pd) basis sets. Both experimental and theoretical data indicate that although both anti and gauche conformers are possible by rotating about the S-S bond, the preferred conformation is gauche. The barrier to internal rotation in the CSSC skeleton has been calculated using the RHF/6-31G(d), MP2/6-31G(d), and B3LYP/6-31G(d) methods as well as MP2 with a 6-31G(3df) basis set on sulfur and 6-31G(d) on C, H, and O. A 6-fold decomposition of the rotational barrier has been performed in terms of a Fourier-type expansion, enabling us to analyze the nature of the potential function, showing that the coefficients V1 and V2 are the dominant terms; V1 is associated with nonbonding interactions, and V2 is associated with hyperconjugative interactions. A natural bond orbital analysis showed that the lone pair → σ* hyperconjugative interactions favor the gauche conformation. Furthermore, the infrared spectra for the liquid and solid phases and the Raman spectrum for the liquid have been recorded, and the observed bands have been assigned to the vibrational normal modes. The experimental vibrational data, along with calculated theoretical force constants, were used to define a scaled quantum mechanical force field for the target system that enabled us to estimate the measured frequencies with a final root-mean-square deviation of 6 cm-1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9952-9960
Number of pages9
JournalThe Journal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume111
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • MOLECULAR-ORBITAL METHODS
  • VALENCE BASIS-SETS
  • GAUSSIAN-BASIS SETS
  • AB-INITIO
  • INTERNAL-ROTATION
  • CONFORMATIONAL PROPERTIES
  • ELECTRON-DIFFRACTION
  • CRYSTALLINE PHASES
  • ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
  • 2ND-ROW ELEMENTS

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