GEANT4 simulation of the neutron background of the C$_6$D$_6$ set-up for capture studies at n_TOF

n_TOF collaboration, P. Žugec, N. Colonna, D. Bosnar, S. Altstadt, J. Andrzejewski, L. Audouin, M. Barbagallo, V. Bécares, F. Bečvář, F. Belloni, E. Berthoumieux, J. Billowes, V. Boccone, M. Brugger, M. Calviani, F. Calviño, D. Cano-Ott, C. Carrapiço, F. CeruttiE. Chiaveri, M. Chin, G. Cortés, M. A. Cortés-Giraldo, M. Diakaki, C. Domingo-Pardo, R. Dressler, I. Duran, N. Dzysiuk, C. Eleftheriadis, A. Ferrari, K. Fraval, S. Ganesan, A. R. García, G. Giubrone, M. B. Gómez-Hornillos, I. F. Gonçalves, E. González-Romero, E. Griesmayer, C. Guerrero, F. Gunsing, P. Gurusamy, S. Heinitz, D. G. Jenkins, E. Jericha, Y. Kadi, F. Käppeler, D. Karadimos, N. Kivel, P. Koehler, M. Kokkoris, M. Krtička, J. Kroll, C. Langer, C. Lederer, H. Leeb, L. S. Leong, S. Lo Meo, R. Losito, A. Manousos, J. Marganiec, T. Martìnez, C. Massimi, P. F. Mastinu, M. Mastromarco, M. Meaze, E. Mendoza, A. Mengoni, P. M. Milazzo, F. Mingrone, M. Mirea, W. Mondalaers, C. Paradela, A. Pavlik, J. Perkowski, A. Plompen, J. Praena, J. M. Quesada, T. Rauscher, R. Reifarth, A. Riego, F. Roman, C. Rubbia, R. Sarmento, A. Saxena, P. Schillebeeckx, S. Schmidt, D. Schumann, G. Tagliente, J. L. Tain, D. Tarrío, L. Tassan-Got, A. Tsinganis, S. Valenta, G. Vannini, V. Variale, P. Vaz, A. Ventura, R. Versaci, M. J. Vermeulen, V. Vlachoudis, R. Vlastou, A. Wallner, T. Ware, M. Weigand, C. Weiß, T. Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The neutron sensitivity of the C$_6$D$_6$ detector setup used at n_TOF for capture measurements has been studied by means of detailed GEANT4 simulations. A realistic software replica of the entire n_TOF experimental hall, including the neutron beam line, sample, detector supports and the walls of the experimental area has been implemented in the simulations. The simulations have been analyzed in the same manner as experimental data, in particular by applying the Pulse Height Weighting Technique. The simulations have been validated against a measurement of the neutron background performed with a $^\mathrm{nat}$C sample, showing an excellent agreement above 1 keV. At lower energies, an additional component in the measured $^\mathrm{nat}$C yield has been discovered, which prevents the use of $^\mathrm{nat}$C data for neutron background estimates at neutron energies below a few hundred eV. The origin and time structure of the neutron background have been derived from the simulations. Examples of the neutron background for two different samples are demonstrating the important role of accurate simulations of the neutron background in capture cross section measurements.

Keywords

  • physics.ins-det
  • nucl-ex

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