Gene knockout of the Na+-glucose cotransporter SGLT2 in a murine model of acute kidney injury induced by ischemia-reperfusion

Josselin Nespoux, Rohit Patel, Haiyan Zhang, Winnie Huang, Brent Freeman, Paul W Sanders, Young Chul Kim, Volker Vallon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

In the early proximal tubule, Na+-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) mediates the bulk of renal glucose reabsorption. Gene deletion in mice (Sglt2−/−) was used to determine the role of SGLT2 in acute kidney injury induced by bilateral ischemia-reperfusion (IR). In Sglt2−/− and littermate wild-type mice, plasma creatinine increased similarly on day 1 after IR. This was associated with an equal increase in both genotypes in the urinary kidney injury molecule-1-to-creatinine ratio, a tubular injury marker, and similarly reduced urine osmolality and increased plasma osmolality, indicating impaired urine concentration. In both IR groups, FITC-sinistrin glomerular filtration rate was equally reduced on day 14, and plasma creatinine was similarly and incompletely restored on day 23. In Sglt2−/− mice subjected to IR, fractional urinary glucose excretion was increased on day 1 but reduced and associated with normal renal Na+-glucose cotransporter 1 (Sglt1) mRNA expression on day 23, suggesting temporary SGLT1 suppression. In wild-type mice subjected to IR, renal Sglt1 mRNA was likewise normal on day 23, whereas Sglt2 mRNA was reduced by 57%. In both genotypes, IR equally reduced urine osmolality and renal mRNA expression of the Na+-K+-2Cl− cotransporter and renin on day 23, suggesting thick ascending limb dysfunction, and similarly increased renal mRNA expression of markers of injury, inflammation, oxidative stress, and fibrosis (kidney injury molecule-1, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, transforming growth factor-β1, NADPH oxidase-2, and collagen type 1). This was associated with equal increases in kidney histological damage scores and similar degree of capillary loss in both genotypes. The data indicate that genetic deletion of SGLT2 did not protect the kidneys in the initial injury phase or the subsequent recovery phase in a mouse model of IR-induced acute kidney injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)F1100-F1112
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Volume318
Issue number5
Early online date13 Apr 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2020

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Na+-glucose cotransporter 2
  • Acute kidney injury
  • Sodium-glucose cotransport

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