Abstract / Description of output
Within the context of studies on the antioxidant enzymes in Onchocerca volvulus, DNA clones encoding catalase (CAT) were isolated from an O. volvulus adult lambda zapII cDNA library. Analysis of their nucleotide and encoded amino acid sequences revealed that they derive from intracellular bacteria, rather than the O. volvulus nuclear genome. The endobacterial CAT gene was found to lie in a gene cluster, followed by a ferritin gene and an excinuclease gene. The endobacterial CAT gene encodes a functional enzyme capable of detoxifying H2O2, demonstrated by producing an active recombinant protein in an E. coli expression system. The purified 54 kDa protein has CAT activity over a broad pH range, with a specific activity of 103,000 +/- 3000 U mg(-1). The optical spectrum of the endobacterial CAT shows that it is a ferric haem-containing protein with a Soret band at 405 nm. To investigate the phylogeny of the intracellular bacterium in O. volvulus, a segment of the 16S rRNA gene was amplified from total genomic DNA by a polymerase chain reaction using universal eubacterial primers. A phylogenetic analysis of the O. volvulus-derived 16S rRNA sequence revealed that the endobacterium belongs to a distinct Wolbachia clade of the order Rickettsiales. Onchocercomata and biopsies containing different onchocercal species were immunohistochemically stained using polyclonal antibodies raised against the recombinant endobacterial CAT. CAT was detected in the endobacteria in the hypodermis of adult male and female O. volvulus, O. ochengi, O. gibsoni and O. fasciata. The endobacterial enzyme was also detected in onchocercal oocytes and all embryonic stages including intrauterine microfilariae as well as skin microfilariae. O. volvulus thus harbours Wolbachia-like endosymbionts which are transovarially transmitted and show particular affinity for the hypodermal tissues of the lateral chords.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|