Generalised parton distributions from the off-forward Compton amplitude in lattice QCD

CSSM QCDSF UKQCD Collaborations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We determine the properties of generalized parton distributions (GPDs) from a lattice QCD calculation of the off-forward Compton amplitude (OFCA). By extending the Feynman-Hellmann relation to second-order matrix elements at off-forward kinematics, this amplitude can be calculated from lattice propagators computed in the presence of a background field. Using an operator product expansion, we show that the deeply virtual part of the OFCA can be parametrized in terms of the low-order Mellin moments of the GPDs. We apply this formalism to a numerical investigation for zero-skewness kinematics at two values of the soft momentum transfer, t=−1.1,−2.2  GeV2, and a pion mass of mπ≈470  MeV. The form factors of the lowest two moments of the nucleon GPDs are determined, including the first lattice QCD determination of the n=4 moments. Hence we demonstrate the viability of this method to calculate the OFCA from first principles, and thereby provide novel constraint on the x- and t-dependence of GPDs.
Original languageEnglish
Article number014502
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalPhysical Review D
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 20 Dec 2021

Keywords

  • hep-lat

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