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Abstract / Description of output
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) have revolutionized human biomedicine through their use in disease modeling and therapy. In comparison, little progress has been made toward the application of iPSCs in veterinary species. In that regard, skeletal myocytes from iPSCs would have great potential for understanding muscle function and disease in the equine athlete. In this study, we generated skeletal myotubes by transducing equine iPSC-derived mesenchymal derivatives with an inducible lentiviral vector coding for the human sequence of the myogenic factor, MyoD. Myosin heavy chain-positive myotubes generated from two different iPSC lines were compared to myotubes from adult equine skeletal muscle progenitor cells (MPCs). iPSC myotubes had a smaller mean area than MPC myotubes (≤2-fold). In addition, quantitative polymerase chain reaction analyses showed that iPSC myotubes expressed MYH2 and MYH3 isoforms (at similar or lower levels than MPC myotubes), but they did not express the mature muscle isoform, MYH1. Compared to MPC myotubes, iPSC myotubes expressed reduced levels of the myogenic factors, MYOD1 and MYF6, but did not express MYF5. Finally, iPSC myotubes responded to KCl-induced membrane depolarization by releasing calcium and did so in a manner similar to MPC myotubes. In conclusion, this is the first study to report the generation of functional myocytes from equine iPSCs.
Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)
- skeletal muscle