Genetic basis of variation in tenofovir drug susceptibility in HIV-1

Robert J. Murray, Fraser I. Lewis, Michael D. Miller, Andrew J. Leigh Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To develop an improved model for the genetic basis of reduced susceptibility to tenofovir in vitro. Methods: A dataset of 532 HIV-1 subtype B reverse transcriptase genotypes for which matched phenotypic Susceptibility data were available was assembled, both as a continuous (transformed) dataset and a categorical dataset generated by imposing a cut-off on the basis of earlier studies of in-vivo response of 1.4-fold. Models were generated using stepwise regression, decision tree and random forest approaches on both the continuous and categorical data. Models were compared by mean squared error (continuous models), or by misclassification rates by nested crossvalidation. Results: From the continuous dataset, stepwise linear regression, regression tree and regression forest methods yielded models with MSE of 0.46, 0.48 and 0.42 respectively. Amino acids 215, 65, 41, 67, 184 and 151 in HIV-1 reverse transcriptase were identified in all three models and amino acid 210 in two. The categorical data yielded logistic regression, classification tree and forest models with misclassification rates of 26, 24 and 23 respectively. Amino acids 215, 65 and 67 appeared in all; 41, 184, 210 and 151 were also included in the classification forest model. Conclusion: The random forests approach has yielded a substantial improvement in the available models to describe the genetic basis of reduced susceptibility to tenofovir in vitro. The most important sites in these models are amino acid sites 215, 65, 41, 67,184, 151 and 210 in HIV-1 reverse transcriptase. (c) 2008 Wolters Kluwer Health vertical bar Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1113-1123
Number of pages11
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jun 2008


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