Genetic diversity and cross-species transmission of kobuviruses in Vietnam

VIZIONS Consortium, Lu Lu, Nguyen Van Dung, Alasdair Ivens, Carlijn Bogaardt, Aine O'Toole, Juliet E Bryant, Juan Carrique-Mas, Nguyen Van Cuong, Pham Hong Anh, Maia A. Rabaa, Ngo Tri Tue, Guy E Thwaites, Stephen Baker, Peter Simmonds, Mark Ej Woolhouse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cross-species transmission of viruses poses a sustained threat to public health. Due to increased contact between humans and other animal species the possibility exists for cross-species transmissions and ensuing disease outbreaks. By using conventional PCR amplification and next generation sequencing, we obtained 130 partial or full genome kobuvirus sequences from humans in a sentinel cohort in Vietnam and various mammalian hosts including bats, rodents, pigs, cats, and civets. The evolution of kobuviruses in different hosts was analysed using Bayesian phylogenetic methods. We estimated and compared time of origin of kobuviruses in different host orders; we also examined the cross-species transmission of kobuviruses within the same host order and between different host orders. Our data provide new knowledge of rodent and bat kobuviruses, which are most closely related to human kobuviruses. The novel bat kobuviruses isolated from bat roosts in Southern Vietnam were genetically distinct from previously described bat kobuviruses, but closely related to kobuviruses found in rodents. We additionally found evidence of frequent cross-species transmissions of kobuviruses within rodents. Overall, our phylogenetic analyses reveal multiple cross-species transmissions both within and among mammalian species, which increases our understanding of kobuviruses genetic diversity and the complexity of their evolutionary history.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)vey002
Number of pages9
JournalVirus Evolution
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Feb 2018

Keywords

  • kobuvirus
  • next generation sequencing
  • Bayesian phylogenetics
  • cross-species transmission

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