Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Local Chicken Ecotypes in Burkina Faso Using Microsatellite Markers

Yacouba Zare , Isidore Houaga, Michel Kere, Gnanda B. Isidore, Boureima Traore , Millogo Vinsoun, Maurice Konkobo, Bandaogo Ousseni, Moussa Zongo , Bougouma-Yameogo M. C. Valerie, Romdhane Rekaya , Nianogo A. Joseph

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the genetic diversity and population structure of local chicken ecotypes from Burkina Faso using microsatellite markers. A total of 71 individuals representing local chicken populations from the Centre-East (18), Centre-North (17), Sahel (18) and South-West (18) were used to estimate genetic diversity indices, population structure and phylogenetic
relationships using 20 selected polymorphic microsatellite markers. The number of alleles, mean number of alleles, mean of observed and expected heterozygosity and polymorphic information content were 127, 6.35, 0.391, 0.521, 0.539 and 0.541, respectively. The estimated overall fixation index between loci (F), among populations (FIS) and inbreeding coefficient within chicken ecotypes were 0.239, 0.267 and 0.243, respectively. Analysis of the molecular variance revealed that 77% of the total genetic diversity was attributed to within-population variation and the remaining 1% and 22% were attributed to among-regions differentiation (FST) and among-individual differentiation (FIT), respectively. The highest pairwise genetic distance (0.026) was found between the local Konde ecotype and those from the Centre-North region while the lowest distance was observed between local chickens from the Sahel and the Centre-North regions (0.003). Neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree and principal component discriminant analyses confirmed the observed genetic distances between populations. The results show that local chickens in Burkina Faso have a rich genetic diversity with little differentiation between the studied populations. This study provides important information on measures of genetic diversity that could help in the design and implementation of future genetic improvement and conservation programs for local chickens in Burkina Faso.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1523
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalGenes
Volume13
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Aug 2022

Keywords

  • local chicken
  • Konde chicken
  • genetic diversity
  • microsatellite markers
  • Burkina Faso

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