Genetic validation of aldolase and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase as drug targets in Trypanosoma brucei

Ana Judith Cáceres, Paul A M Michels, Véronique Hannaert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aldolase (ALD) and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) of Trypanosoma brucei are considered to be promising targets for chemotherapeutic treatment of African sleeping sickness, because glycolysis is the single source of ATP for the parasite when living in the human bloodstream. Moreover, these enzymes appeared to possess distinct kinetic and structural properties that have already been exploited for the discovery of effective and selective inhibitors with trypanocidal activity. Here we present an experimental, quantitative assessment of the importance of these enzymes for the glycolytic pathway. This was achieved by decreasing the concentrations of ALD and GAPDH by RNA interference. The effects of these knockdowns on parasite growth, levels of various enzymes and transcripts, enzyme activities and glucose consumption were studied. A partial depletion of ALD and GAPDH was already sufficient to rapidly kill the trypanosomes. An effect was also observed on the activity of some other glycolytic enzymes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-54
Number of pages5
JournalMolecular and Biochemical Parasitology
Volume169
Issue number1
Early online date11 Sep 2009
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2010

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase
  • Gene Knockdown Techniques
  • Genetic Variation
  • Glucose
  • Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases
  • Glycolysis
  • Humans
  • Protozoan Proteins
  • RNA Interference
  • RNA, Double-Stranded
  • Trypanosoma brucei brucei
  • Trypanosomiasis, African
  • Tryanosomes
  • Aldolase

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