Genetics and genomics of osteoclast differentiation: integrating cell signaling pathways and gene networks

Sudarshana M Sharma, Rong Hu, Agnieszka Bronisz, Nicolas Meadows, Tricia Lusby, Barbara Fletcher, David A Hume, A Ian Cassady, Michael C Ostrowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The regulation of osteoclast differentiation in the bone microenvironment is critical for normal bone remodeling, as well as for various human bone diseases. Over the last decade, our knowledge of how osteoclast differentiation occurs has progressed rapidly. We highlight some of the major advances in understanding how cell signaling and transcription are integrated to direct the differentiation of this cell type. These studies used genetic, molecular, and biochemical approaches. Additionally, we summarize data obtained from studies of osteoclast differentiation that used the functional genomic approach of global gene profiling applied to osteoclast differentiation. This genomic data confirms results from studies using the classical experimental approaches and also may suggest new modes by which osteoclast differentiation and function can be modulated. Two conclusions that emerge are that osteoclast differentiation depends on a combination of fairly ubiquitously expressed transcription factors rather than unique osteoclast factors, and that the overlay of cell signaling pathways on this set of transcription factors provides a powerful mechanism to fine tune the differentiation program in response to the local bone microenvironment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-77
Number of pages25
JournalCritical reviews in eukaryotic gene expression
Volume16
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Genomics
  • Humans
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • Osteoclasts
  • Signal Transduction
  • Transcription Factors

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