Genome edited animals: Learning from GM crops?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Genome editing of livestock is poised to become commercial reality, yet questions remain as to appropriate regulation, potential impact on the industry sector and public acceptability of products. This paper looks at how genome editing of livestock has attempted to learn some of the lessons from commercialisation of GM crops, and takes a systemic approach to explore some of the complexity and ambiguity in incorporating genome edited animals in a food production system. Current applications of genome editing are considered, viewed from the perspective of past technological applications. The question of what is genome editing, and can it be considered natural is examined. The implications of regulation on development of different sectors of livestock production systems are studied, with a particular focus on the veterinary sector. From an EU perspective, regulation of genome edited animals, although not necessarily the same as for GM crops, is advocated from a number of different perspectives. This paper aims to open up new avenues of research on genome edited animals, extending from the current primary focus on science and regulation, to engage with a wider-range of food system actors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385–398
Number of pages14
JournalTransgenic Research
Volume26
Issue number3
Early online date21 Apr 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2017

Keywords

  • genome edited livestock
  • regulation
  • production systems
  • industry structure
  • veterinarians

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