Genome-wide association analysis identifies three new breast cancer susceptibility loci

Maya Ghoussaini, Olivia Fletcher, Kyriaki Michailidou, Clare Turnbull, Marjanka K Schmidt, Ed Dicks, Joe Dennis, Qin Wang, Manjeet K Humphreys, Craig Luccarini, Caroline Baynes, Don Conroy, Melanie Maranian, Shahana Ahmed, Kristy Driver, Nichola Johnson, Nicholas Orr, Isabel dos Santos Silva, Quinten Waisfisz, Hanne Meijers-HeijboerAndre G Uitterlinden, Fernando Rivadeneira, Per Hall, Kamila Czene, Astrid Irwanto, Jianjun Liu, Heli Nevanlinna, Kristiina Aittomäki, Carl Blomqvist, Alfons Meindl, Rita K Schmutzler, Bertram Müller-Myhsok, Peter Lichtner, Jenny Chang-Claude, Rebecca Hein, Stefan Nickels, Dieter Flesch-Janys, Helen Tsimiklis, Enes Makalic, Daniel Schmidt, Minh Bui, John L Hopper, Carmel Apicella, Daniel J Park, Melissa Southey, David J Hunter, Stephen J Chanock, Annegien Broeks, Senno Verhoef, Jonine D Figueroa, Netherlands Collaborative Group on Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer (HEBON), Ian Tomlinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women. To date, 22 common breast cancer susceptibility loci have been identified accounting for ∼8% of the heritability of the disease. We attempted to replicate 72 promising associations from two independent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in ∼70,000 cases and ∼68,000 controls from 41 case-control studies and 9 breast cancer GWAS. We identified three new breast cancer risk loci at 12p11 (rs10771399; P = 2.7 × 10(-35)), 12q24 (rs1292011; P = 4.3 × 10(-19)) and 21q21 (rs2823093; P = 1.1 × 10(-12)). rs10771399 was associated with similar relative risks for both estrogen receptor (ER)-negative and ER-positive breast cancer, whereas the other two loci were associated only with ER-positive disease. Two of the loci lie in regions that contain strong plausible candidate genes: PTHLH (12p11) has a crucial role in mammary gland development and the establishment of bone metastasis in breast cancer, and NRIP1 (21q21) encodes an ER cofactor and has a role in the regulation of breast cancer cell growth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)312-8
Number of pages7
JournalNature Genetics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012


  • Breast Neoplasms
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 12
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21
  • European Continental Ancestry Group
  • Female
  • Genetic Loci
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Genome-Wide Association Study
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • Principal Component Analysis


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