Genome-wide association studies for canine hip dysplasia in single and multiple populations – implications and potential novel risk loci

Shizhi Wang, Erling Strandberg , Per Arvelius , Dylan Clements, Pam Wiener, Juliane Friedrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Association mapping studies of quantitative trait loci (QTL) for canine hip dysplasia (CHD) can contribute to the understanding of the genetic background of this common and debilitating disease and might contribute to its genetic improvement. The power of association studies for CHD is limited by relatively small sample numbers for CHD records within countries, suggesting potential benefits of joining data across countries. However, this is complicated due to the use of different scoring systems across countries. In this study, we incorporated routinely assessed CHD records and genotype data of German Shepherd dogs from two countries (UK and Sweden) to perform genome-wide association studies (GWAS) within populations using different variations of CHD phenotypes. As phenotypes, dogs were either classified into cases and controls based on the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) five-level grading of the worst hip or the FCI grade was treated as an ordinal trait. In a subsequent meta-analysis, we added publicly available data from a Finnish population and performed the GWAS across all populations. Genetic associations for the CHD phenotypes were evaluated in a linear mixed model using 62,089 SNPs.
Original languageEnglish
Article number636
JournalBMC Genomics
Volume22
Issue number1
Early online date2 Sept 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2 Sept 2021

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