Abstract / Description of output
The recognition in 2011 of the methicillin resistance determinate mecC among staphylococci has raised many questions over its evolution and epidemiology. While mecC has been best studied in Staphylococcus aureus it has also been described in at least nine other species of staphylococci. In most cases these studies are limited to single isolates. In the widespread animal commensal Staphylococcus sciuri mecC has been described in two isolates and is located within a distinct SCCmec-mecC composite element. In this study, a further 11 mecA/mecC S. sciuri isolated from dairy farms in England and Wales in 2015 and 2016 were genome sequenced and characterised. The results show that two variants of the SCCmec-mecC element are present in S. sciuri, differentiated by different ccr alleles and likely to have arisen by homologous recombination. A phylogeny of sixty genome-sequenced S. sciuri isolates was made using core genome multi-locus sequence typing and reveals a diverse population with the SCCmec-mecC element present in four distinct branches, indicative of four independent acquisitions by S. sciuri. Finally, the study identified the rapid clonal expansion of a mecA/mecC lineage of S. sciuri among dairy farms across a wide geographical area which may contribute to the future dissemination of this methicillin resistance cassette.
Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)