Genomic selection strategies for clonally propagated crops

Christian R Werner, R Chris Gaynor, Daniel J Sargent, Alessandra Lillo, Gregor Gorjanc, John M Hickey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

For genomic selection in clonally propagated crops with diploid (-like) meiotic behavior to be effective, crossing parents should be selected based on genomic predicted cross-performance unless dominance is negligible. For genomic selection (GS) in clonal breeding programs to be effective, parents should be selected based on genomic predicted cross-performance unless dominance is negligible. Genomic prediction of cross-performance enables efficient exploitation of the additive and dominance value simultaneously. Here, we compared different GS strategies for clonally propagated crops with diploid (-like) meiotic behavior, using strawberry as an example. We used stochastic simulation to evaluate six combinations of three breeding programs and two parent selection methods. The three breeding programs included (1) a breeding program that introduced GS in the first clonal stage, and (2) two variations of a two-part breeding program with one and three crossing cycles per year, respectively. The two parent selection methods were (1) parent selection based on genomic estimated breeding values (GEBVs) and (2) parent selection based on genomic predicted cross-performance (GPCP). Selection of parents based on GPCP produced faster genetic gain than selection of parents based on GEBVs because it reduced inbreeding when the dominance degree increased. The two-part breeding programs with one and three crossing cycles per year using GPCP always produced the most genetic gain unless dominance was negligible. We conclude that (1) in clonal breeding programs with GS, parents should be selected based on GPCP, and (2) a two-part breeding program with parent selection based on GPCP to rapidly drive population improvement has great potential to improve breeding clonally propagated crops.

Original languageEnglish
Article number74
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages16
JournalTAG Theoretical and Applied Genetics
Volume136
Issue number4
Early online date23 Mar 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023

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