Genomic variation in macrophage-cultured European porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus Olot/91 revealed using ultra-deep next generation sequencing

Zen H Lu, Alexander Brown, Alison D Wilson, Jay G Calvert, Monica Balasch, Pablo Fuentes-utrilla, Julia Loecherbach, Frances Turner, Richard Talbot, Alan L Archibald, Tahar Ait-ali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) is a disease of major economic impact worldwide. The etiologic agent of this disease is the PRRS virus (PRRSV). Increasing evidence suggest that microevolution within a coexisting quasispecies population can give rise to high sequence heterogeneity in PRRSV. FINDINGS: We developed a pipeline based on the ultra-deep next generation sequencing approach to first construct the complete genome of a European PRRSV, strain Olot/9, cultured on macrophages and then capture the rare variants representative of the mixed quasispecies population. Olot/91 differs from the reference Lelystad strain by about 5% and a total of 88 variants, with frequencies as low as 1%, were detected in the mixed population. These variants included 16 non-synonymous variants concentrated in the genes encoding structural and nonstructural proteins; including Glycoprotein 2a and 5.

CONCLUSION: Using an ultra-deep sequencing methodology, the complete genome of Olot/91 was constructed without any prior knowledge of the sequence. Rare variants that constitute minor fractions of the heterogeneous PRRSV population could successfully be detected to allow further exploration of microevolutionary events.
Original languageEnglish
Article number42
JournalVirology Journal
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2014

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