Genotype imputation for the prediction of genomic breeding values in non-genotyped and low-density genotyped individuals

M.A. Cleveland, J.M. Hickey, B.P. Kinghorn

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Background: There is wide interest in calculating genomic breeding values (GEBVs) in livestock using dense, genome-wide SNP data. The general framework for genomic selection assumes all individuals are genotyped at high-density, which may not be true in practice. Methods to add additional genotypes for individuals not genotyped at high density have the potential to increase GEBV accuracy with little or no additional cost. In this study a long haplotype library was created using a long range phasing algorithm and used in combination with segregation analysis to impute dense genotypes for non-genotyped dams in the training dataset (S1) and for non-genotyped or low-density genotyped individuals in the prediction dataset (S2), using the 14 QTL-MAS Workshop dataset. Alternative low-density scenarios were evaluated for accuracy of imputed genotypes and prediction of GEBVs. Results: In S1, females in the training population were not genotyped and prediction individuals were either not genotyped or genotyped at low-density (evenly spaced at 2, 5 or 10 Mb). The proportion of correctly imputed genotypes for training females did not change when genotypes were added for individuals in the prediction set whereas the number of correctly imputed genotypes in the prediction set increased slightly (S1). The S2 scenario assumed the complete training set was genotyped for all SNPs and the prediction set was not genotyped or genotyped at low-density. The number of correctly imputed genotypes increased with genotyping density in the prediction set. Accuracy of genomic breeding values for the prediction set in each scenario were the correlation of GEBVs with true breeding values and were used to evaluate the potential loss in accuracy with reduced genotyping. For both S1 and S2 the GEBV accuracies were similar when the prediction set was not genotyped and increased with the addition of low-density genotypes, with the increase larger for S2 than S1. Conclusions: Genotype imputation using a long haplotype library and segregation analysis is promising for application in sparsely-genotyped pedigrees. The results of this study suggest that dense genotypes can be imputed for selection candidates with some loss in genomic breeding value accuracy, but with levels of accuracy higher than traditional BLUP estimated breeding values. Accurate genotype imputation would allow for a single low-density SNP panel to be used across traits.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 14th European workshop on QTL mapping and marker assisted selection (QTL-MAS)
PublisherBioMed Central
PagesS6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011
Event14th European workshop on QTL mapping and marker assisted selection (QTL-MAS) - Poznan, Poland
Duration: 17 May 201018 May 2010

Publication series

NameBMC Proceedings
NumberSuppt 3
Volume5

Conference

Conference14th European workshop on QTL mapping and marker assisted selection (QTL-MAS)
CountryPoland
CityPoznan
Period17/05/1018/05/10

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