Geographic and topographic determinants of local FMD transmission applied to the 2001 UK FMD epidemic

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Abstract

Background: Models of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) transmission have assumed a homogeneous landscape across which Euclidean distance is a suitable measure of the spatial dependency of transmission. This paper investigated features of the landscape and their impact on transmission during the period of predominantly local spread which followed the implementation of the national movement ban during the 2001 UK FMD epidemic. In this study 113 farms diagnosed with FMD which had a known source of infection within 3 km (cases) were matched to 188 control farms which were either uninfected or infected at a later timepoint. Cases were matched to controls by Euclidean distance to the source of infection and farm size. Intervening geographical features and connectivity between the source of infection and case and controls were compared.
Original languageEnglish
Article number40
Number of pages7
JournalBMC Veterinary Research
Volume4
Issue number40
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008

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