This entry demonstrates that there are distinct and rising geographical inequalities in health at a range of scales from the global to the local levels. Spatial inequalities in health are of long standing and have been monitored in the United Kingdom since at least Victorian times. It is clear that social, political, and economic forces matter greatly for understanding both social and spatial inequalities in health. Geographical explanations for the spatial polarization of health and why this divide is growing are multifaceted, and include features relating to the ecological, social, and built environments that operate over the life course.
- environment and society
- stratification and inequality