GEospatial aNalysis of ExtRacorporeal membrane oxygenATion in Europe (GENERATE)

Stuart Gillon, Chunyu Zheng, Zhiqiang Feng, Marcel Fleig, Tommaso Scquizzato, Jan Belohlávek, Roberto Lorusso, Nazir I Lone, Justyna Swol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Introduction: A cross-sectional survey GENERATE (GEospatial aNalysis of ExtRacorporeal membrane oxygenATion in Europe) initiated on behalf of the European chapter of the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (EuroELSO), aims to provide a systematic, detailed description of contemporary Extracorporeal Life Support (ECLS) provision in Europe, map the spatial distribution of ECLS centers, and the accessibility of ECLS.
Methods: Structured data collection forms were used to create a narrative description of ECLS provision in EuroELSO affiliated countries. This consisted of both center-specific data and relevant national infrastructure. Data was provided by a network of local and national representatives. Spatial accessibility analysis was conducted where appropriate geographical data were available.
Results: 281 centers from 37 countries affiliated to EuroELSO were included in the geospatial analysis and demonstrate heterogeneous patterns of ECLS provision. Accessibility of ECLS services within one hour of drive-time is available for 50% of the adult population in 8 of 37 countries (21.6%). This proportion is reached within 2 hours in 21 of 37 countries (56.8%) and within 3 hours in 24 of 37 countries (64.9%). For pediatric centers, accessibility is similar with 9 of 37 countries (24.3%) reached the covering of 50% of the population aged 0-14 within 1 hour and 23 of 37 countries (62.2%) within 2 hours and 3 hours.
Conclusions: ECLS services are accessible in most of the European countries, but their provision differs across the continent. There is still no solid evidence given regarding the optimal ECLS provision model. The spatial disparity in ECLS provision demonstrated in our analysis requires governments, healthcare professionals and policy makers to consider how to develop existing provision to accommodate the anticipated increase in need for time critical access to this advanced support modality.
Original languageEnglish
Early online date6 Mar 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 Mar 2023

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • ECLS
  • ECMO
  • extracorporeal life support
  • extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
  • geospatial analysis
  • regionalization


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