Girmitiyas and the Global Indian Diaspora: Origins, Memories, and Identity

Ashutosh Kumar (Editor), Crispin Bates (Editor)

Research output: Book/ReportBook

Abstract / Description of output

Many Indians journeyed out of India to supplant the loss of slave labour in the former European plantation colonies of Mauritius, South Africa, Fiji, and the Caribbean from the early nineteenth century onwards. This book aims to highlight the careers of these migrants who served as vital agents in building the global society of the twenty-first century. It explores the transformative experiences of those who migrated, and the memories of those who did not return after expiration of their contracts but chose instead to stay in their respective host countries. It describes the many challenges they faced — ageing in a society far from home, the loss of their formal Indian identity after Indian independence, their efforts to preserve a sense of community in the post-independence societies of South Africa and the Caribbean, and their adapting to the new political and social realities they faced as minorities in the countries in which their ancestors had adventurously determined to settle and live.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages260
ISBN (Electronic)9781009342605
ISBN (Print)9781009342612
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 22 Apr 2024

Publication series

NameGlobal South Asians
PublisherCambridge University Press


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  • Introduction

    Bates, C. & Kumar, A., 22 Apr 2024, Girmitiyas and the Global Indian Diaspora: Origins, Memories, and Identity. Kumar, A. & Bates, C. (eds.). Cambridge University Press, p. 1-14 14 p. (Global South Asians).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

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