Glass coating natural fibres by diatomisation: a bright future for biofouling technology

Muhammad Zusron, Immanuel Sanka, Matin Nuhamunada, Yudithia Damayanti, Sri Nopitasari, Afina Dina Kamila, Alfian Bani Kusuma, Eka Ningrum, Annisa Rahmawati, Nibras Zakiyah, Dinda Islami, Cakra Prabaswara, Mukunda Adhikari, Eko Suyono, Parvez Alam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This article concerns a biotechnological method by which natural bioglass diatoms can be attached to natural fibre surfaces. We consider the attachment energetics of diatom extracellular polymers to the main constituents of flax fibre surfaces (cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin) and find that after attachment, certain diatom frustule geometries are more or less effective in improving fibre bending and tensile resistance. We postulate mechanisms by which different bioglass diatom frustule geometries are able to reinforce natural fibres. Our research opens new channels by which means natural fibres can have their properties improved through diatomisation biofouling technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-88
JournalMaterials Today Communications
Volume7
Early online date8 Apr 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016

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